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If the area was inhabited during historical times (in the past several hundred years in North America) the archaeologist will look for primary historical documents associated with the study area.
This archival research may take the archaeologist to public or university libraries, the local historical society or courthouse—or even into people’s homes!
Others, like tape measurers, toothbrushes, brooms and dustpans, are household objects!
You may think of shovels when you think of digging, but the most important piece of equipment in the archaeologist’s toolkit is actually the trowel.View some of these computer animations of tools and equipment that archaeologists use.Some, like the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) are very specialized and high tech.Back to top Every archaeology project begins with a research design –a plan that describes why the archaeology is being done, what research questions it hopes to answer, and the methods and techniques that will be used to gather and analyze the artifacts and other archaeological materials.
It will also outline where artifacts recovered from the project will be stored, and how the research will be reported and shared with the public.Primary historical documents that archaeologists may consult before beginning their field research include: maps and/or photographs of the area, newspapers, land and tax records, and diaries and letters.